Atomicity is the number of atoms of an element present in one molecule of that element. They can be monoatomic (He), diatomic (H2), triatomic (O3) and polyatomic (S8). Homoatomic molecules have different atomicity.
Atomicity of Hydrogen and Chlorine
Let up take the example of the same reaction between hydrogen and chlorine. We saw earlier that;
But 1 molecule of hydrogen chloride contains 1 atom of hydrogen and 1 atom of chlorine.molecule of hydrogen = 1 atom of hydrogen
molecule of chlorine = 1 atom of chlorine1 molecule of hydrogen = 2 atoms
1 molecule of chlorine = 2 atomsHence hydrogen and chlorine are both diatomic.
Atomicity of oxygen and nitrogen
One molecule of nitric oxide contains one oxygen atom and one nitrogen atom.Thus,
molecule of nitrogen = 1 atommolecule of oxygen = 1 atom
or, 1 molecule of nitrogen =2 atoms1 molecule of oxygen = 2 atoms
Thus, both nitrogen and oxygen are diatomic.