Clearly, determination of equivalent weight amounts to determining valence factor “x”. Here, we shall classify chemical entities and the techniques to determine “x”.
two electrons are needed to produce one molecule of hydrogen gas. So, 2 Faraday of electricity is needed to produce one mole of hydrogen gas.
For the reaction,
per mole of copper atoms, 2 faradays are needed. So, the equivalent mass of copper is half of its atomic mass.
The equivalent mass of any species is not simply a property of the species, but depends upon the reaction in which it participates, i.e., one chemical species can have more than one value for its equivalent mass depending upon the reaction it participates.The equivalent mass of a substance is the quantity of material deposited or dissolved by 1 F (= 96500 C) of electricity.